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Aperture is the opening in the diaphragm of a camera lens. For questions relating to Apple's photo management software, please use [apple-aperture] instead.

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4
votes
4answers
396 views

Who tells my camera which apertures my lens has

When I mount one of my lenses on my camera, my camera knows which apertures the lens has. So I ask my self: Why does my camera know that for example lens XY has a max. aperture of 2.8 and a min. ...
1
vote
1answer
174 views

Canon 24-70mm 2.8f - Optimal aperture for sharper pictures

I always have trouble getting sharper images from my 24-70 lens. I have watched numerous YouTube videos to correct this and its improved but not completely corrected. I am going on a trip and don’t ...
16
votes
2answers
4k views

What is T-number / T-stop?

Usually, when discussing aperture of a lens, F-stop and F-number are used for quantifying. But some photographers, and especially videographers, also mention T-stop. The concept and numbering used ...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

How does aperture/DOF affect continuous autofocus?

When the autofocus system is deciding to adjust the focus, say in a situation of the subject getting closer to or farther from the lens, does it take into consideration the current depth of field, ...
4
votes
5answers
235 views

Should I refocus if I change the aperture in a DSLR?

The title pretty much says what I want to ask.
0
votes
2answers
139 views

how to select a proper aperture for 50mm portrait lens? [duplicate]

I am using 50 mm 1.8 potrait lens with my canon 600D. But when i take a portrait with f1.8 on Av mode using autofocus, only subjects eyes are sharp and rest of the other face is slightly blurry. How ...
1
vote
2answers
222 views

How significant is the difference between Canon 5D and Canon 5D Mark II when using the same lens at open aperture?

Recently I've asked about the difference between two lenses on open apertures: Why do two lenses with the same F-number give different amount of light? We realized that DSLRs gain the real ISO ...
2
votes
2answers
165 views

Why does oil leak from the aperture ring of old lenses?

I'm assuming that the oil was there initially to lubricate the aperture blades, but why does it leak out?
18
votes
5answers
629 views

Why do two lenses with the same F-number give different amount of light?

Why do the following two lenses provide different amount of light? In both images we have fixed focusing distance, distance to the object, ISO, shutter speed and F-number.
1
vote
2answers
219 views

Help me understand effective f-number

If I set a lens to, say, f/2 but my focus is set to its closest point, my effective f-number won't be f/2 any more but it will be higher by a factor that depends on focal length, image magnification ...
4
votes
3answers
319 views

What are the disadvantages of super-zoom cameras compared to binoculars?

Maybe it is clear from my question that I don't know much about lenses, both on binoculars and super-zoom cameras, for example I don't know how can I compare the light that enters a binocular with a ...
3
votes
5answers
444 views

Are there ultra-wide angle (<24mm) lenses faster than f/2.8? If not, why?

I started looking for an UWA lens (something in the mid-teens), particularly for doing milky way shots. Learning that you get trails with too long of exposure, I figured I'd try and find the largest ...
0
votes
3answers
193 views

Can I estimate the light gathering power of a lens by measuring size of entrance pupil?

Supposing I have an unknown lens of which I don't know f/# and focal length. I want to estimate the total amount of light that my lens can collect which, I believe, is given by the solid angle that my ...
34
votes
8answers
19k views

What is aperture, and how does it affect my photographs?

How does aperture affect my photographs? Why should I care about the aperture with which a photo was taken?
1
vote
1answer
218 views

Size of the entrance pupil vs size of the aperture

I understand that the entrance pupil is the image of the aperture as seen from the front of the lens. However, is the size of the entrance pupil the same as the size of the effective aperture? In ...
0
votes
7answers
362 views

Is an aperture range of 3.5-5.6 shallow enough to provide great bokeh on a cropped sensor?

I have been primarily shooting with a Canon 18-135 f/3.5-5.6 for several years now, and I am not completely satisfied with it. The problems I have are: A bit too wide on the low end A bit too short ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

Lens f-number and speed on adapted lenses

A lens has a focal length, and its entrance pupil has a diameter. The ratio of these is an f-number. The size of the entrance pupil is limited by the size of the front element, and we describe lenses ...
12
votes
4answers
636 views

Is there a noticable difference in sharpness between a 1.8 lens and a 2.8 of similar design?

I recently bought a second-hand Carl Zeiss Jena PANCOLAR MC 1.8/50mm Lens off eBay (still waiting for it to arrive though) and am going to mount it to my Canon 7D via a M42 adaptor. I primarily shoot ...
1
vote
3answers
220 views

What causes an f/0 error on a Nikon D700?

Recently (and always at the worst possible time) my camera will either freeze and give me an f/0 error code or will shoot with a strange click that sounds like the shutter is getting stuck. The ...
1
vote
1answer
254 views

My Brand New Nikon 50mm f/1.8D giving problem

My lens is Nikkor 50mm f1.8D and camera is Nikon D7000. I bought the lens yesterday. (24.09.2013) In spite of setting the lens aperture locked at f22, as recommended, my Nikon D7000 camera apertures ...
3
votes
4answers
437 views

How to fix a Nikon 100mm f/2.8 Series E lens not being properly recognized on a D300?

I have a Nikon 100mm f/2.8 Series E mounted on my D300. When I set the aperture on 2.8 on the lens, it is seen as 1.8 on the D300. At its maximum, when set at f/22 on the lens, it is seen at f/16 on ...
6
votes
6answers
3k views

What aperture should I use to photograph people and why?

What f/# do you use to photograph people, and why? I know this varies from shot to shot. Let's suppose that you are photographing either a single person or a couple, that it it outside on a somewhat ...
1
vote
2answers
130 views

Does aperture affect a cameras vignetting?

I'm hoping I can get some better insight into how my camera works and how I can apply it in the future. I have a custom built camera with a Canon EF 200 lens mounted to it. The camera allows me to ...
10
votes
1answer
333 views

What is a “De-clicked” aperture control ring?

The Samyang 85mm T1.5 Cine Lens featured a "De-clicked" aperture control ring. What exactly is it?
40
votes
7answers
5k views

What is a “diffraction limit”?

I've seen the term used, but what is a "diffraction limit", when should I worry about it, and what undesirable effects are a result of it ?
1
vote
3answers
104 views

How does time of exposure relate to aperture? [duplicate]

I was trying to derive the relation between the aperture and time of exposure. I'm taking two apertures f/2 and f/4. From the formula A α 1/√t I got, f/2 α 1/√t1 -> A and f/4 α ...
19
votes
3answers
2k views

Why do wide angle prime lenses have relatively small apertures?

I've noticed that many of the wide angle prime lenses (at least for Canon) have somewhat smaller apertures than their normal or telephoto counterparts. E.g. the regular Canon 24mm prime is f/2.8 while ...
1
vote
2answers
136 views

Minimum and maximum apertures

Is there such a thing as a maximum aperture that a lens can be open to? What about a minimum aperture that it can be closed to? Do these concepts even make any sense? Is there a lens with the ...
0
votes
5answers
684 views

is the Nikon 35mm f/1.8 worth it after i have the kit lenses? [duplicate]

I have a Nikon DX (D5100) camera with the two most basic kit lenses: 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 VR and 55-200mm f/4-5.6 VR. These two lenses cover lots of scenarios, but I'm starting to believe there is more ...
3
votes
2answers
98 views

How does the Sony 135 F2.8 [T4.5] STF twin aperture lens design work?

I stumbled across the Sony 135 F2.8 [T4.5] STF other day. I have read through the review but I can't for the life of me figure out what the twin-aperture setup is supposed to do!
-3
votes
2answers
84 views

Want to know about F/8-F/11 in-spite of aperture? [closed]

I just grab some information about the best fit of aperture, can we make something different between F/8 & F/11.According to my best knowledge and past photography experience that when we make our ...
2
votes
2answers
214 views

Is there any practical way to measure the T-stop of a lens?

T-stop measures actual light transmission in a lens. Therefore, different f/2.8 lenses can have different T-stops. T-stops are usually only given for cine lenses. For photography lenses, is there any ...
1
vote
3answers
288 views

What is the diameter of the lens' aperture in mm terms?

I'm planning to create a customized aperture effect. Like this one in the Photo. I'll be doing a DIY customized aperture that will be attached to the filter. My lens' widest aperture is F/1.8 ...
4
votes
4answers
670 views

Which aperture is the sharpest in the lens that come with Nikon d3100?

Wich aperture is the sharpest in the lens that come with Nikon d3100? I'm new to photograpy and I read about the "sharpest aperture" property that lenses have, but I read it changes depending on the ...
16
votes
5answers
1k views

How can aperture be f/11 on a lens with an aperture range designation of 3.5-5.6?

I made a series of outdoor shots with Nikon D5000, with the 18-55mm 1:3.5-5.6G VR kit lens. On some shots, I see in the EXIF info f/11, and in another shot, f/9. How can that be, that the f-number ...
5
votes
1answer
444 views

Why do Canon lenses stay wide open when off camera, but Nikkor lenses keep tight aperture?

I have only noticed this for a handful of lenses so I am probably wrong in saying that all Nikon and all Canon lenses follow suit. But from those I have seen, Nikon tend to close the iris when removed ...
3
votes
2answers
350 views

What's the difference between real and effective aperture?

I understand that the simple idea that f-stop is focal length divided by aperture really applies to a simple single-glass lens, not the compound lens systems used to provide good image quality in ...
7
votes
3answers
790 views

Why is F/8-F/11 called a “Who cares aperture”?

I've read for the second time this morning that whenever we don't know which aperture would fit best, we should take something between f/8 and f/11. Now my logic would dictate me to set an aperture ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Can I use a large aperture of f/2.8 while shooting landscape photography?

Can I take a picture of a wide area such as a big house at 10m, in low light, using a large aperture of say f/2.8, at a focal length of 50mm? I will have no subject between my camera and the house.
1
vote
1answer
98 views

Correct aperture to manage precisely blur and focus zones

There is something that bugs me about aperture... I understood that aperture will influence my picture on both light and focus zone. Now when taking a picture, I find it difficult to know precisely ...
0
votes
2answers
584 views

Settings for the Canon EF 100mm f/2.8L IS USM Macro Lens (both macro and portrait)?

I have a crop body camera (Canon T3i) and I'm renting the Canon EF 100mm f/2.8L IS USM Macro Lens for the weekend. I hope to use it for both macro shots and portraits. Can you recommend an aperture ...
35
votes
3answers
9k views

What apertures are required to enable autofocus, including cross-type or high-precision focusing, on Canon DSLR cameras?

This is a follow-up to Why does Canon and Nikon limit or disable autofocus beyond certain f-numbers? I'm doing this to separate the AF aperture requirements from the linked question above. My goal ...
7
votes
2answers
455 views

Do lenses with the same f-stop but different focal length gather the same amount of light? [duplicate]

I'm taking images of a light source in a scientific labratory, and I thought I had a good grasp on all these things, but now i'm second guessing myself after some results. The most important thing is ...
5
votes
2answers
517 views

What is a good rule of thumb to use large aperture for portraits vs showing more background?

I recently got a Canon 50mm and have found myself probably over-using the large apertures for portraits. I'm curious if anyone has a good rule of thumb for when to avoid it. My sense is that its ...
0
votes
2answers
124 views

Does a larger aperture automatically mean a bigger shot?

Say I take a photo with a camera that has the aperture and lens of, say, a camera specifically designed for wide-shots and large display ratios to capture more elements, such as a motion picture ...
2
votes
2answers
230 views

How do metering and aperture setting play together in manual mode (Minolta X-700)?

I have been playing around with my mother's Minolta X-700 (objective: Minolta MD 50 mm f/1.7) and though I read the manual (here it is: Manual X-700), I am still unclear about one thing: When I use ...
3
votes
4answers
482 views

Are there any lenses have smaller apertures than f/32?

While most photographers prefer fast lenses that range down to f/1.2, are there any lenses that go smaller than f/32? If there are, what is so special about those lenses that an aperture of f/32 ...
2
votes
1answer
148 views

Aperture value appears as '- -' in Olympus E410

I have just started using manual focus and prime lenses with my Olympus E410 (four-thirds). Intermittently, the aperture value is invisible, both through the viewfinder and in the LCD display. ...
2
votes
1answer
246 views

How to fix stuck aperture?

I have a Micro-Nikkor 55 mm 1:2.8 lens. The aperture appears to be stuck. Is it worth trying to repair the lens? Are there any good guides for disassembling the lens?
7
votes
7answers
13k views

Why is my Nikon 50mm f/1.8 giving me an fEE error?

I have a AF Nikkor 50mm f/1.8. When I have the aperture setting on the lens to 22 I can take photos. But when I change the dial to anything other than 22(lowest f/stop) then I get a flashing fEE ...