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I'm very new to product photography and would like any newbie advice to the following problem:

I have a basic light setup with 4 florescent lights with umbrellas with a white muslin cloth backdrop. In the past this setup has worked great for products (toys, sports gear etc). I'm now attempting to photograph a white canister with a black label. The edges of the black label have a white halo that is where I'm struggling:

Imgur

I have access to both a green and black backdrops. I'm using a Nikon D5000 with the standard kit lens AF-S Nikkor 18-55mm 1:3.5 - 5.6G. I'm shooting in Manual mode with: ISO: 200 F-stop: F/29 Focal Length: 26mm Exposure time: 1 sec Using a standard tripod with a remote control. Shooting in RAW format.

I've tried various setting with no luck.

Any advice would be great! Thanks!

PS: Here's the light setup which I'm sure could use some help!

Imgur

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just out of curiosity what's your point from having light with black umbrella and 2 lights with translucent umbrellas that are not shoot through? also your problem can be solved if you shoot on black background with a background light to separate the subject from the background –  akram Jul 16 at 18:43
    
The kit I purchased from Amazon came with 4 lights, 2 with the black umbrellas. I'm not exactly sure how to set them up optimally so I just took a best guess with ghe thought the more light the better –  Ryan Jul 17 at 16:55
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definitely you want to turn the shoot through translucent umbrellas to face the subject and you can take out the black one –  akram Jul 18 at 18:05

2 Answers 2

up vote 3 down vote accepted

A good reference for lighting is Light Science and Magic, I think you would find it highly informative. In this image the sides of the canister are getting blown out where you would actually like them to be a little darker so that there's a strong figure/ground differentiation. Try some black flags, just out of the cameras frame on either side of the canister. The gobos/flags should be about the height of the item and thin. The flags will keep some of the light from hitting the edges but they will also reflect in the surface, making for a darker edge.

Also, many libraries have the title I mentioned, save yourself some money!

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Thank you! I'll pick that book up for sure, the reviews on Amazon are stellar. And thanks for the suggestion about adding black flags to the sides. –  Ryan Jul 16 at 16:32

The halo you describe is actually a reflection either from the background or from the rearmost umbrellas. (The silver lined ones in the picture).

Remember that when light bounces off a surface it leaves the surface at the same angle that it came in. This almost rules out the umbrellas as being the culprit, as they are higher than the object, so light coming from them is more likely to bounce towards the bottom of the backgound.

However, the vertical part of the backgound is in line with your lens at the time you take the picture, and part of the light that comes from the white muslin incides on the back and sides of your subject, but the one that incides on the sides bounce right towards your lens. This comes from the sides of the background, i.e. not the part right behind the canister, but the part just at the sides of it.

What I would do is: increase the separation between the object and the vertical part of the background, use a longer focal distance (for a narrower field of view) and cover the part of tha background that is not in the picture with black paper to reduce stray light from the background.

Placing the canister further away from the back will reduce the intensity of the light that is coming from the back into the canister, but your background is so big relative to the object that the light surounds it. If the background where smaller, the light coming from it would not envolve the object that much and at least you woud reduce how far into the object this "halo" creeps in (That's why I'd block it with black paper).

Yet another thing that may help you, although more elaborate, is to add some light blockers at the sides and a little towards the back of the canister. These may be a couple of black cardboard pieces at least as tall as the canister. I'd position them like this: If the object is the center of a clock and the camera is at the 6 O'clock position, the ligh blockers are put vertically at 10-11 and 1-2 aproximately, with the black side facing the object and as close as possible without causing unwanted shadows and not getting into the frame.

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