It depends on what you mean by ignored and which camera you are shooting with and which software you are using to do your RAW conversion. The settings that affect what the camera does before or during the exposure will affect the contents of the RAW file. The settings that affect what the camera does in the processor after the image has been exposed will usually not affect the contents of the RAW image.
It does vary from manufacturer to manufacturer. The way Nikon and Canon apply noise reduction (NR) to RAW files, for instance, is significantly different. Many astronomers shy away from using Nikon for astrophotography because the NR applied before the RAW file is saved will erase faint stars. Canon applies the NR resulting from long exposure noise reduction, in which the noise from a second exposure with the shutter left closed is subtracted from the exposed image, to RAW files but does not apply any other NR to RAW files (Which goes a long way towards explaining the disparity of DxO mark scores between similarly capable Nikon & Canon sensors).
In general, settings that affect the ISO, shutter speed (Tv), and aperture (Av) will have an effect on an image saved as a RAW file because they affect what is recorded in the RAW file. Depending on shooting mode and other variables, your White Balance (WB) setting may affect exposure metering. Of the list in your question the following are factored into the exposure decision if you are using any shooting mode other than Manual: Exposure Compensation, Active D-Lighting, ISO. WB may or may not, depending on several other variables.
The settings that are not affected when shooting RAW are things like contrast, saturation, sharpening, WB (in terms of the WB used to display the image), some aspects of Noise Reduction, Lens Correction, Picture Control, etc.
When you open a RAW file in most third party editors, the in camera settings for saturation, Picture Control, contrast, etc. aren't applied. That is why some people refer to RAW files as flat. If you open a RAW file in the camera manufacturer's own software, however, often the in-camera settings will be applied to the image you see on your monitor. You are free to change any or all of those settings before converting to TIFF or JPEG and baking in those settings.