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When is manual focus better than autofocus?

Perhaps this question has been asked before. I understand that in some cases, automatic focus cannot be used, for example, fast moving objects or people.

However, I have the impression that in all other cases (unless someone is trying to obtain a particular effect) automatic focus is better.

Any thoughts?

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marked as duplicate by mattdm, Itai, MikeW, Imre, Nick Miners Jan 15 '13 at 21:40

This question has been asked before and already has an answer. If those answers do not fully address your question, please ask a new question.

2 Answers 2

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Manual focus is often used in situations where you need very accurate focus on a very specific part of the image, for example, for macro photos where the depth of field is so small you can't even get the entire subject in focus.

Another situation where manual focus is used when auto focus just doesn't work, usually because you don't have enough light.

And a third common use is "focus trap", you pre-focus on a specific spot, switch to manual focus to avoid the camera changing focus and wait for your subject to arrive at that spot.

For fast moving subjects auto focus is actually much better because, with any good camera, auto focus is much faster than manual focus and the camera has a tracking mode that it used to follow moving subjects.

Auto-focus is better in most cases simply because manual focusing with an high-resolution camera is pretty difficult or time consuming (at least with a camera up to entry-level DSLR range, never had an high-end DLSR to try manual focus on)

note: the above does not apply to rangefinder style cameras, those are usually designed for manual focus

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I don't quite understand why you would say manual focusing on a high end(or low end) DSLR would be difficult. Can you elaborate on that? –  Peng Tuck Kwok Jan 15 '13 at 8:14
    
Manual focus was way much easier on optical viewfinder with microprism than on current digital viewfinder. On high-end DSLR you may change the focussing screen and put one adapted to manual focus, high-end DSLR are also often full-frame with a better coverage of the field by the viewfinder so easier to manual focus. –  floqui Jan 15 '13 at 8:34
    
@PengTuckKwok when using my 550D and the 50mm f/1.8 wide open, I (personally) can't tell the difference between "pretty close to sharp" and "actually really sharp" via the viewfinder. Maybe I just need to practice more, but I can't believe I'm the only one in this situation. –  Philip Kendall Jan 15 '13 at 9:30
    
What you two guys said was correct. It takes practice to MF on any DSLR, something I have done with a 5DMkII and a 350D. The tone of the answer made it sound challenging so that's where I'm coming from. I guess the answer could be phrased a little differently. –  Peng Tuck Kwok Jan 15 '13 at 12:39
    
@PengTuckKwok - I have a 550D and I don't have perfect eyesight, I just can't manual focus with a wide aperture using the optical viewfinder only using liveview and zooming in until I can see the pixels on the back LCD -- with a small aperture and a reasonable subject distance it's not a problem. –  Nir Jan 15 '13 at 13:32

Depending on the quality of the lens you are using, manual focus can often be used to achieve a more perfect focus.

Poor lenses often autofocus in a sloppier fashion, rendering the photo slightly blurry.

Also, if you have a DSLR with video recording capabilities (like a 7D) autofocus becomes painfully slow, and less precise during video recording, rendering manual focus very useful.

In addition, using certain extender tubes, and macro tubes can cut off the ability to autofocus and you would be forced to focus manually.

In macro shooting, manual focus is often a requirement for good shots, since you must focus very precisely.

But for just casual shooting, autofocus is quite a bit easier for most people, while in professional shooting manual focus tends to be used more since it has a greater amount of flexibility and customization.

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I have the 7d and I don't think it has autofocus in video mode at all - but maybe I'm mistaken, I haven't actually read the manual yet. –  Matt Parkins Jan 27 '13 at 14:05

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