Such a halo around a light source is caused by dirt on your lens. Dust and grease tends to stick to an unprotected (or even protected) phone camera over time. Try cleaning the lens.
Note that even cleaning might not completely remove the halo. Optics on a phone are usually not perfect to begin with, and micro scratches will only make it worse over time. On regular camera lenses, coatings are used to fight such internal reflections; coatings on your phone camera might be damaged or missing from the start. Avoiding shooting directly at light sources would avoid the halo as well as probably give better exposure to your subjects (which usually look like dark monsters around the bright light).
This is really a problem that should be resolved during shooting; I don't think there's any easy way to fix the halo in post processing.