by ʇolɐǝz ǝɥʇ qoq

Submit your Photo
Hall of Fame

Please participate in Meta
and help us grow.

Photography Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for professional, enthusiast and amateur photographers. Join them; it only takes a minute:

Sign up
Here's how it works:
  1. Anybody can ask a question
  2. Anybody can answer
  3. The best answers are voted up and rise to the top

Do you know any open source tool to automatically align images, similar to the auto align feature in Photoshop?

share|improve this question
Hi Max. Welcome to photo-SE. I think you'll find what you're looking for at this earlier question.…. It doesn't mention "alignment" in the Q, but since that's a vital step for panoramas, all the answers cover it. – mattdm Jun 5 '11 at 12:43
Also see… – mattdm Jun 5 '11 at 12:47
My problem is that I do not want to create panoramas, but to align stereoscopic images. – Max Ried Jun 5 '11 at 14:40
The software should generally be the same, I think (see the second link for a non-panorama case), although I don't know about stereoscopic images in particular. – mattdm Jun 5 '11 at 15:51
This is also useful for HDR. BTW, I'm still looking for a simple program to do this :) – Itai Jun 5 '11 at 20:28
up vote 17 down vote accepted

Alignment of multiple images taken from the same point

If you are not making a panorama, but just aligning an image stack for focus stacking, exposure fusion or HDR, then align_image_stack from Hugin project is one of the simple yet very useful tools.

For example, if your have 3 files a.jpg, b.jpg, c.jpg, to align them you may run:

align_image_stack -a aligned_ a.jpg b.jpg c.jpg

which will produce three TIFF images, aligned_0000.tif, aligned_0001.tif and aligned_0002.tif, which will be well aligned. Now the images are ready to be, for instance, enfused:

enfuse aligned_*.tif

If you prefer the graphical interface, or you want to align only partially overlapping images (like in panoramas), then use Hugin itself, it is a very powerful and flexible software.

Alignment of stereo pairs

From your comments I see, that you want to create stereoscopic images. The keyword to search for is anaglyph, not align.

For this purpose I used Stereo Photo Maker, which is not open source, just a free Windows program. It runs well under wine too. But I almost never used its automatic alignment feature, because I prefer to align images manually, watching the composite 3D image. By aligning the images manually I can also choose what exactly is “in focus” (one cannot align everything in a stereo image).

SPM can also optimize color anaglyphs to reduce ghosting, a very useful feature.

There are some scripts and tutorials for Gimp (e.g. anaglypher, script-fu-make-anaglyph, this short tutorial). It is relatively easy to build a monochrome anaglyph through layer effects and by moving a layer manually, it is not always working well for color anaglyphs.

Finally, there is -stereo option of composite command of ImageMagick, but I didn't use it.

share|improve this answer
Actually I didn't mention the word stereo nor anaglyph intentionally. Compositing the anaglyphs from two images is not the problem. align_image_stack actually has extra support for stereo images which does not work as expected. I've already contacted the author of the specific code. – Max Ried Jun 7 '11 at 8:25
Oh, I didn't know about that new feature, my version of align_image_stack doesn't have it. Thanks, nice to know. – sastanin Jun 7 '11 at 10:00
If you try, please tell me. I couldn't get it to work in the way I understand the commands. Try -C -S and -A – Max Ried Jun 7 '11 at 13:35


"Autostitch uses methods known as SIFT and RANSAC. This program differs from some other image stitching software in that it automatically stitches together even unaligned or zoomed photographs seamlessly without user input, whereas others often require the user to highlight matching areas for the photographs to merge properly. The only requirement is that all photographs be taken from a single point."

Free demo for Windows (which works seamlessly on Linux under Wine) is available, and I never needed another tool for stitching of pics.

As mattdm correctly wrote above (in comment), this is similar question: Recommendations for panorama creation/stitching tools and autostitch is also there one of the answers. I love (and prefer) it for two reasons: - simple installation (one exe file, nothing to install) - simple to use - choose input pics, choose size of output image, and other settings you do not need to set/change if you don't want to

So it's not exactly open source, but it is free (demo), simple and works fine both on Windows and Linux.

share|improve this answer

Hugin's command-line align_image_stack has arguments for dealing with stereo pairs. You need to experiment with the settings, particularly the grid subdivision count -g, the point count -c and the prescale -s (larger images need to be scaled down more for the point detector to work reliably). Also make sure you pass in the FOV with -f. Here's a command line that generates a super-excellent stereo pair from two 1920x2560 images:

align_image_stack -f 35.09 -p stereotest.pto -a stereotest -v -g 3 -c 16 -i -d -s 3 -S -C -A -P P9010741.JPG P9010742.JPG

share|improve this answer
Yeah, I found that, but it didn't work for me. Don't ask me why. I wrote the author of the patch, but he didn't respond. – Max Ried Sep 7 '11 at 8:25
I get a segmentation fault when i try this command. :( – Ben Wheeler Jan 28 '15 at 19:53

Your Answer


By posting your answer, you agree to the privacy policy and terms of service.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.