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by Bart Arondson

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Assuming that Canon 5D Mark II and Canon 60D both have the same processor, DIGIC 4 (single), why does the former shoots a better quality video? Better quality I mean the technical aspect, the video/compression itself.

Let's ignore the visual aspect like more shallow depth of field, for example.

I know 5D is a full-frame, but the video is 1920px wide. The 60D shoots 18MPx, which scaled down to 1920px wide should still look almost the same as if shot on full-frame initially, right?

Therefore, and this is my point:

UNCOMPRESSED INPUT -> DIGIC 4 -> OUTPUTTED VIDEO

If we exclude the depth of field and a better ISO handling from our equation, it's possible that the uncompressed input is the same on both cameras, right? Then, it goes to the digic 4 processor to be compressed, which is the same on both cameras. Yet, we end up with a better quality video on one of those cammeras. Why?

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1 Answer 1

up vote 6 down vote accepted

The 5D Mk2 has a far larger sensor (because its a full frame camera) and more pixels. My assumption would be the camera scales down the input to 1920x1080 so having more uncompressed data allows it to give a higher quality output.

If Andres's comment about it skipping lines whilst taking video is right, then the improvement in quality is more likely down solely to it's lower pixel density. A lower pixel density means a bigger area per pixel, which means more light per pixel, more light per pixel means less amplification is required (amplification increases noise also)

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3  
Quality is related to surface area, not linear size. So while the diagonal is 1/3 larger the surface area is 2.25X bigger. Otherwise, the full-frame advantage would be much less. –  Itai Jun 4 '11 at 15:35
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Right you are @Itai, I'll update my answer –  ChrisFletcher Jun 5 '11 at 15:35
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Are you sure that the camera scales down the video? I thought the HD resolution was achieved by skipping lines. –  Andres Jun 6 '11 at 1:41
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I believe @Itai has it nailed. The 5DII has considerably more surface area, which provides a lot more information to interpolate when scaling down to final output size. I would be doubtful that sensor pixel rows are skipped...however I wouldn't be surprised if sRAW-style YCC encoding was used rather than normal bayer interpolation (which uses more bayer pixel data per pixel, and does not overlap pixel interpolation.) –  jrista Jun 9 '11 at 3:01
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This article: blog.planet5d.com/2011/10/… Seems to suggest that line skipping did occur in older DSLRs –  ChrisFletcher Nov 1 '11 at 13:00

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